Saint John Chrysostom (+407) on Matthew 1:17

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ORTHODOXY OF MY HEART

Saint John Chrysostom (+407) on Matthew 1:17

“So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations”

Matthew 1:17

“So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.”
He hath divided all the generations into three portions, to indicate that not even when their form of government was changed did they become better, but alike under an aristocracy, and under a king, and under an oligarchy, they were in the same evil ways, and whether popular leaders, or priests, or kings controlled them, it was no advantage to them in the way of virtue.

But wherefore hath he in the middle portion passed over three kings, and in the last, having set down twelve generations, affirmed them to be fourteen? The former question I leave for you to examine; [154] for neither is it needful for me to explain all things to you, lest ye should grow indolent: but the second we will explain. [155] To me then he seems in this place to be putting in the place of a generation, both the time of the captivity, and Christ Himself, by every means connecting Him with us. And full well doth he put us in mind of that captivity, making it manifest that not even when they went down thither, did they become more sober-minded; in order that from everything His coming may be shown to be necessary.

“Why then,” one may say, “doth not Mark do this, nor trace Christ’s genealogy, but utter everything briefly?” It seems to me that Matthew was before the rest in entering on the subject (wherefore he both sets down the genealogy with exactness, and stops at those things which require it): but that Mark came after him, which is why he took a short course, as putting his hand to what had been already spoken and made manifest. [156]

How is it then that Luke not only traces the genealogy, but doth it through a greater number? As was natural, Matthew having led the way, he seeks to teach us somewhat in addition to former statements. And each too in like manner imitated his master; the one Paul, who flows fuller than any river; theother Peter, who studies brevity.

2. And what may be the reason that Matthew said not at the beginning, in the same way as the prophet, “the vision which I saw,” and “the word which came unto me”? Because he was writing unto men well disposed, and exceedingly attentive to him. For both the miracles that were done cried aloud, and they who received the word were exceeding faithful. But in the case of the Continue reading “Saint John Chrysostom (+407) on Matthew 1:17”

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About Saints and Holy Martyrs: “Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you” (Matthew 5:12)

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EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH

About Saints and Holy Martyrs:

“Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you”.

—Matthew 5:12

We call the Mother of Jesus Christ “Most Holy Virgin Mary” like the Holy Bible call the Eleazar “most holy man” in 4 Maccabees 7:4

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HOLY VIRGIN MARY MOTHER OF GOD

The Eastern Orthodox Church call the Mother of Jesus Christ “Most Holy Virgin Mary” like the Holy Bible in Old Testament, in 4 Maccabees 7:4 call the Eleazar “most holy man”:

4 Maccabees 7:4:

“No city besieged with many ingenious war machines has ever held out as did that most holy man. Although his sacred life was consumed by tortures and racks, he conquered the besiegers with the shield of his devout reason”.

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Abel-Tasos Gkiouzelis

Οι Απόστολοι ήταν Επίσκοποι – Πράξεις 1, 20: “Και τήν ἐπισκοπήν αὐτοῦ λάβοι ἕτερος”

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COMING HOME – ORTHODOXY

Οι Απόστολοι ήταν Επίσκοποι

Πράξεις 1, 20: “Και τήν ἐπισκοπήν αὐτοῦ λάβοι ἕτερος”

Οι Απόστολοι ήταν Επίσκοποι με συγκεκριμένη Επισκοπή, δηλαδή συγκεκριμένη περιοχή κηρύγματος του Ευαγγελίου. Το Πράξεις 1, 20 μας λέει ότι άλλος θα πάρει την Επισκοπή του Αποστόλου Ιούδα του Ισκαριώτη ο οποίος μετά την προδοσία του προς το Χριστό, αυτοκτόνησε:

Πράξεις 1, 20: “Γέγραπται γὰρ ἐν βίβλῳ ψαλμῶν· γενηθήτω ἡ ἔπαυλις αὐτοῦ ἔρημος καὶ μὴ ἔστω ὁ κατοικῶν ἐν αὐτῇ· καὶ τὴν ἐπισκοπὴν αὐτοῦ λάβοι ἕτερος”.

ΜΕΤΑΦΡΑΣΗ:

Πράξεις 1, 20: “Eπειδή, είναι γραμμένο στο βιβλίο των Ψαλμών: «Aς γίνει η κατοικία του έρημη, και ας μη υπάρχει κάποιος που να κατοικεί σ’ αυτή», και: «Άλλος ας πάρει την επισκοπή του»”.

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Άβελ-Τάσος Γκιουζέλης

Matthew 3:1-4 – Saint John the Baptist & Christian Monasticism

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EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH

Matthew 3:1-4 – Saint John the Baptist

& Christian Monasticism

Matthew 3:1-4:

1 In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea 

2 and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”

3 This is he who was spoken of through the prophet Isaiah:
“A voice of one calling in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way for the Lord,
make straight paths for him.’ ”(Isaiah 40:3)

4 John’s clothes were made of camel’s hair, and he had a leather belt around his waist. His food was locusts and wild honey.

Accept the whole Holy Bible – Not like devil in Matthew 4:5-7

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EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH

Accept the whole Holy Bible – Not like devil in Matthew 4:5-7

The Eastern Orthodox Church accept the whole Holy Bible.

The Protestants misinterpret the Bible by separating specific verses, such as the devil in the three temptations of Christ (Matthew 4: 5-7) who used Psalm 90 [91 masoritic]:11-12 to misinterpret it. Christ replied to the devil with Deuteronomy 6:16.

The correct interpretation of Psalm 90 [91 masoritic]:11-12 comes only if we accept Deuteronomy 6:16. If we isolate Psalm 90 [91 masoritic]:11-12 then we will do another interpretation, as the devil did.

Matthew 4:5-7:

5 Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. 
“If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down. For it is written:
“ ‘He will command his angels concerning you,
and they will lift you up in their hands,
so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’(Psalm 90[91 masoritic]:11-12)
Jesus answered him, “It is also written: ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test’(Deut. 6:16)”.
Abel-Tasos Gkiouzelis

Ομιλία Α´ στο κατά Ματθαίον Ευαγγέλιο – Άγιος Ιωάννης ο Χρυσόστομος (+407)

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ORTHODOXY IS LOVE

Ομιλία Α´ στο κατά Ματθαίον Ευαγγέλιο

Άγιος Ιωάννης ο Χρυσόστομος (+407)

1. Ἔπρεπε βέβαια ἐμεῖς νά μή ἔχωμεν ἀνάγκην ἀπό τήν βοήθειαν τῶν γραμμάτων ἀλλά νά παρουσιάζωμεν τόσον καθαρόν βίον, ὥστε ἡ χάρις τοῦ Πνεύματος νά λαμβάνῃ τήν θέσιν βιβλίων διά τάς ψυχάς μας, καί ὅπως αὐτά ἔχουν γραφῆ μέ μελάνην, ἔτσι καί αἱ καρδίαι μας νά ἔχουν γραφῆ μέ τό Πνεύμα. Ἀφοῦ ὅμως ἀπεκρούσαμεν τήν χάριν αὐτήν, ἄς ἀποδεχθοῦμεν τουλάχιστον τό «δεύτερον ταξίδι»(1).

Ὅτι τό πρῶτον ἦτο καλύτερον, μᾶς τό ἐφανέρωσεν ὁ Θεός καί μέ ὅσα εἶπε καί μέ ὅσα ἔκαμε. Διότι καί μέ τόν Νῶε καί τόν Ἀβραάμ καί τούς ἀπογόνους ἐκείνου καί μέ τόν Ἰώβ, καί μέ τόν Μωυσῆ ἀκόμη, δέν ἐπεκοινωνοῦσε μέ γράμματα ἀλλ’ ὁ ἴδιος αὐτοπροσώπως, ἐπειδή εὕρισκε τόν νοῦν των καθαρόν.

Ὅταν ὅμως ὅλος ὁ Ἰουδαϊκός λαός ἔπεσεν εἰς τόν πυθμένα κυριολεκτικά τῆς κακίας, τότε πλέον χρησιμοποιοῦνται τά γράμματα καί αἱ πλάκες καί ἡ ὑπενθύμισις πού αὐτά παρέχουν. Τοῦτο ὄχι μόνον εἰς τούς ἁγίους τῆς Παλαιᾶς ἀλλά τό βλέπει κανείς νά γίνεται καί εἰς τούς ἁγίους τῆς Καινῆς. Ἀκόμη καί εἰς τούς ἀποστόλους δέν ἔδωσε τίποτε γραπτόν ὁ Θεός ἀλλά ὑπεσχέθη ὅτι θά δώσῃ εἰς αὐτούς τήν χάριν τοῦ Πνεύματος καί ὄχι γραπτά.

Λέγει· «Ἐκείνος γάρ ἀναμνήσει ὑμᾶς ταῦτα»(Ιω. 14, 26). Καί διά νά ἐννοήσῃς ὅτι τοῦτο ἦτο πολύ καλύτερον, ἄκουσε τί λέγει διά τοῦ στόματος τοῦ προφήτου. «Διαθήσομαι ὑμῖν διαθήκην καινήν, διδούς νόμους μου εἰς διάνοιαν αὐτῶν, καί ἐπί καρδίας γράψω αὐτούς, καί ἔσονται πάντες διδακτοί Θεοῦ»(Ιερ. 38, 31-33).

Καί ὁ Παῦλος θέλων νά δείξῃ αὐτήν τήν ὑπεροχήν ἔλεγεν ὅτι «ἐλάβαμεν νόμους ὄχι εἰς λιθίνας πλάκας ἀλλά εἰς τάς σαρκίνας πλάκας τῆς καρδίας»(Β΄ Κορ. 3,3). Ἐπειδή ὅμως μέ τό πέρασμα τοῦ καιροῦ oἱ νόμοι ἔσβησαν ἄλλοι ἐξ αἰτίας ἀλλαγῆς πεποιθήσεων, ἄλλοι λόγω τρόπου ζωῆς, ἐχρειάσθη πάλιν ἡ ὑπόμνησις μέ Continue reading “Ομιλία Α´ στο κατά Ματθαίον Ευαγγέλιο – Άγιος Ιωάννης ο Χρυσόστομος (+407)”